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Fiber Optics & Sensors

The Optical Fiber Optical fibers are filaments of glassy or polymeric materials, made in such a way as to be able to carry light inside them (guided propagation), and which find important applications in telecommunications, medicine, sensors and lighting technology. Optical fibers typically include a core surrounded by a transparent cladding material with a …

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Absorption Photometry

The Absorption Photometer The absorption photometer is based on the photodiode photometer already described in the post: PSoC based Photometer. To use the photometer in absorption measurements we have prepared a cell-holder cell with two side openings. In an opening the photodiode is inserted, connected to the photometer, in the …

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DIY Optical Table

Introduction The optical table is an invaluable tool for the realization of any optical experience. In practice it is a platform used to support systems for optical experiments. In optical systems, the alignment of each component must be extremely accurate, think for example of an interferometer. Even small vibrations or …

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PSoC Based Photometer

Introduction In this post we want to describe the realization of a simple “general purpose” photometer, based on a photodiode sensor and on a Cypress PSoC5LP microcontroller. The photometer is the instrument that measures the intensity of a light emission, its applications range in many different sectors, including chemical and …

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Luminol

Chemiluminescence Chemiluminescence is the emission of electromagnetic radiation, particularly in the visible and near infrared, which can accompany a chemical reaction. Considering a reaction between the reagents A and B to give the product P: A + B → P* → P + hν In practice, the reaction leads to the product …

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Preparation of some Phosphorescent Compounds

the Experiment It is quite simple to prepare compounds that present the phosphorescence phenomenon. Starting from fluorescent organic molecules and inserting them into a glass matrix, the efficiency of non-radiative relaxation processes is greatly reduced. In practice, the molecule is trapped in a glassy or crystalline matrix and its mobility …

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Zinc Sulphide Phosphorescence

Introduction With the “phosphorimeter” described in the post Glowing in the Dark, we made a series of measurements on the classic zinc sulfide phosphorus, doped with silver and also with copper. Zinc sulphide is an interesting material : ZnS is a semiconductor, ie a material with an electron-filled valence band and …

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Glowing in the Dark

Introduction Phosphorescence is the phenomenon of radiative emission by some materials/substances as a result of the absorption of energy through ultraviolet rays (very energetic) and the subsequent re-emission in the form of visible light (at lower energy). Phosphorescent materials continue to emit light up to many hours after the end …

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Micod HV Module

Introduction A low-noise medium-high voltage generator is always of great use in the laboratory : it is used for the powering of photomultiplier tubes, geiger counters, ionization chambers, solid state sensors for radiation, etc …. However the construction of a component of this type is not simple : sometimes it is …

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Photon Counting & Statistics

Introduction This post wants to examine with some detail the measurement of light intensity using the photon counting technique. We have already talked about it in other posts: Light as a Particle , Photon Counting. In this post we want to take particular care of the statistical distributions that are obtained …

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